Pre-test preparation or requirements
• Sample can be drawn at any time. No fasting or special preparation required.
• Blood sample should taken in plain vial.
Tests included in package
Significance of package
Sodium is the major extacellular cation in body. Sodium disorders are:
Hypernatremia: Increase in serum sodium level.
Hyponatremia: Decrease in serum sodium level.
Potassium is the major intracllular cation in body. Disorders of ptassium are:
Hyperkalemia: Increase in serum potassium level.
Hypokalemia: Decrease in serum potassium level.
Disorders of chloride are:
Hyperchloremia: Increase in serum chloride level.
Hypochloremia: Decrease in serum chloride level.
Ionized calcium is not attached to proteins. It is also called free calcium. All cells need calcium to function normally. Calcium is needed to build strong bones and teeth. It is important for heart and skeletal muscles contraction, nerve signaling, and blood clotting.